New method for urea analysis in surface and tap waters with LC-OCD-OND (liquid chromatography-organic carbon detection-organic nitrogen detection)
S.A Huber, A. Balz, M. Abert, Aqua 2011, 60.3, 159-165.

Characterisation of aquatic humic and non-humic matter with size-exclusion chromatography – Organic Carbon Detection – Organic Nitrogen Detection (LC-OCD-OND)
S.A. Huber, A. Balz, M. Abert, W. Pronk, Water Research 2011, 45, 879-885.

Origin and Behaviour of Non-Ionic Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in Boiler Feed Water
S.A. Huber, Intl. Water Conf. IWC 2005, Orlando, Florida.

Determination of Urea, TMA, IPA And Other Water-Soluble Organic Compounds in UPW At The PPT-Level Using LC-OCD-OND
S.A. Huber, Semiconductor Pure Water and Chemicals Conference 2005, pp 75-89, Santa Clara Convention Center, California, Feb. 15-16.

Characterization of Organics in UPW with LC-OCD (Liquid Chromatography – Organic Carbon Detection) Using Sample Pre-Concentration: Preliminary Results
S.A. Huber, Semiconductor Pure Water and Chemicals, Proceedings 22nd Annual Conference 2003.

Liquid chromatography – Organic Carbon Detection (LC-OCD): a Novel Diagnostic Tool for the Localization of TOC-Sources in UPW Production.
S.A. Huber, Proc. Semiconductor Pure Water and Chemicals Conference 2001, pp 83-98, Monterey, California, Feb. 27 – March 1.

Significance, Origin, and Fate of Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in Boiler Feedwater Preparation Using Surface Water
S.A. Huber, Ultrapure Water 2002, April, pp 18 -24.

Significance, Origin, and Fate of Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in Boiler Feed Water Preparation Using Surface Water as Raw Water Source
S.A. Huber, VGB Powertech 2000, 12, pp 96-101.

Real-time On-line Analysis of Degassed Acid Conductivity Shortens Start-up Time on Heat Recovery Steam Generators
S.A. Huber, G. Kamper-van der Koppel, E.V. Maughan, H.M. van Deelen-Bremer, A.G.L. Zeijseink, Proceedings NUS 2000 International Chemistry On-line Process Instrumentation Seminar 2000, November 15-17, Clearwater FL, USA.

Differenzierende TOC-Bestimmung zur Charakterisierung von Reinstwasser und Rückstandsprüfung im Verlauf der Reinigungsvalidierung
W. Woiwode, S.A. Huber, Pharm. Ind. 2000, 62, 377-381.

Herkunft, Bedeutung und Verhalten natürlicher organischer Wasserinhaltsstoffe bei der Herstellung von Kesselspeisewasser aus Oberflächenwasser
S.A. Huber, VGB Kraftwerkstechnik 2000, 12, pp 96-101.

The Value of Chromatographic Characterization of TOC in Process Water Plants
S.A. Huber, Ultrapure Water 1998, Dec., pp 16 -20.

Characterizing Organic Impurities in Semiconductor-grade hydrogen Peroxide
S.A. Huber, D. Oeter, MICRO 1998, Sept., 35-42.

Evidence for Membrane Fouling by Specific TOC-Constituents
S.A. Huber, Desalination 1998, 119, 229-234.

Chromatographic Characterization of TOC in Process Water Treatment
S.A. Huber, M. Gluschke, Ultrapure Water, March 1998, pp 48-52, Littleton, Colorado, USA.

TOC-Charakterisierung mit einem neuen Analyseverfahren (Liquid Chromatography – Organic Carbon Detection): Erste Anwendungen im Kraftwerksbereich
S.A. Huber, VGB Tagung ”Chemie im Kraftwerk” 1997, Essen.

Gelchromatographie mit Kohlenstoffdetektion (LC-OCD): Ein rasches und aussagekräftiges Verfahren zur Charakterisierung hydrophiler organischer Wasserinhaltsstoffe
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Vom Wasser 1996, 86, 277-290.

Identification of diffuse and point sources of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in a small stream (Alb, Southwest Germany), using gel filtration chromatography with high sensitivity DOC-detection

S.A. Huber, A. Balz, F.H. Frimmel, Fresen. J. Anal. Chem. 1994, 350, 496-503.

Characterization and Quantification of Marine Dissolved Organic Carbon with a Direct Chromatographic Method
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Environ. Sci. Technol. 1994, 28, 1194-1197.

Summarische Parameter für organische Verbindungen
S.A. Huber, W. Huber, Wasserchemie für Ingenieure 1993, S. 47-66, Oldenbourg Verlag.

The Role of Organic Matter in Aquatic Systems: Analytical Constraints
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Ecology and Biology. 1993, 8, 153-169.

Entwicklung und Einsatz eines Analyseverbundverfahrens zur chromatographischen Charakterisierung natürlicher organischer Wasserinhaltsstoffe
S.A. Huber, Dissertation Univ. Karlsruhe 1992.

Fortschritte bei der Bestimmung von organisch gebundenem Kohlenstoff in aquatischen Systemen
S.A. Huber, B. Gordalla, F.H. Frimmel, Technisches Messen 1992, 59, 160-166.

Zum Einfluß des DOC auf das Mobilitätsverhalten von Pestiziden im Untergrund
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Acta hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 1992, 20, 74-81.

A New Method for the Characterization of Organic Carbon in Aquatic Systems
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Intern. J. Environ. Chem. 1992, 49, 49-57.

A Liquid Chromatographic System with Multi-Detection for the Direct Analysis of Hydrophilic Organic Compounds in Natural Waters
S.A Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Fresen. J. Anal. Chem. 1991, 342, 198-200.

Anwendungen eines neuen Analysenverbundverfahrens zur Charakterisierung organischer Wasserinhaltsstoffe:
Einfluß von Filtration und Ozonung
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Vom Wasser 1991, 77, 171-180.

Flow Injection Analysis of Organic and Inorganic Carbon in the Low-ppb Range
S.A. Huber, F.H. Frimmel, Anal. Chem. 1991, 63, 2122-2130.

Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel,F.H.: Basic Characterization of Norwegian NOM Samples – Similarities and Differences. Environment International, Vol. 25, No. 2/3, 161-180 (1999).

Al-Halbouni, D.; Traber, J.; Lyko, S.; Wintgens, T.; Melin, T.; Tacke, D.; Janot, A.; Dott, W. & Hollender, J. (2008), ‘Correlation of EPS content in activated sludge at different sludge retention times with membrane fouling phenomena’, Water Research 42 (2008), 1475-1488.

Amiri, F.; Börnick, H. & Worch, E. (2005), ‘Sorption of phenols onto sandy aquifer material: the effect of dissolved organic matter (DOM)’, Water Research 39(5), 933-941.

Amy, G. (2008), ‘Fundamental understanding of organic matter fouling of membranes’, Desalination 231(1-3), 44-51.

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Baghoth S.A.; Dignum M.; Grefte A.; Kroasbergen J.; Amy G. L.: Characterization of NOM in a drinking water train with no disinfectant residual. Water Science & Technology: Water Suply – WSTWS Vol 9 No 4 pp 379-386. IWA Publishing 2009, doi: 10.2166/ws.2009.569.

Bartels, Chr.: Untersuchungen zu Verblockungserscheinungen in Kerzenfiltern vor Umkehrosmose-Wasseraufbereitungsanlagen. MSc Thesis, Fachhochschule Gelsenkirchen (1998).

Batsch, A.; Tyszler, D.; Brügger, A.; Panglisch, S. & Melin, T. (2005), ‘Foulant analysis of modified and unmodified membranes for water and wastewater treatment with LC-OCD’, Desalination 178(1-3), 63-72.

Bolto, B.; Abbt-Braun, G.; Dixon, D.; Eldridge, R.; Frimmel, F.; Hesse, S.; King, S. & Toifl, M. (1999), ‘Experimental evaluation of cationic polyelectrolytes for removing natural organic matter from water’, Water Science and Technology 40(9), 71-79.

Bradac, P.; Wagner, B.; Kistler, D.; Traber, J.; Behra, R. & Sigg, L. (2010), ‘Cadmium speciation and accumulation in periphyton in a small stream with dynamic concentration variations’, Environmental Pollution 158(3), 641-648.

Caravaggio, M.: Using the latest advances in makeup water treatment. Energy-Tech (October 2010), 11-16.

Chae, S.-R.; Yamamura, H.; Choi, B. & Watanabe, Y. (2009), ‘Fouling characteristics of pressurized and submerged PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) microfiltration membranes in a pilot-scale drinking water treatment system under low and high turbidity conditions’, Desalination 244(1-3), 215-226.

Chae, S.-R.; Yamamura, H.; Ikeda, K. & Watanabe, Y. (2008), ‘Comparison of fouling characteristics of two different poly-vinylidene fluoride microfiltration membranes in a pilot-scale drinking water treatment system using pre-coagulation/sedimentation, sand filtration, and chlorination’, Water Research 42(8-9), 2029-2042.

Ciputra, S.; Antony, A.; Phillips, R.; Richardson, D. & Leslie, G. (), ‘Comparison of treatment options for removal of recalcitrant dissolved organic matter from paper mill effluent’, Chemosphere In Press, Corrected Proof, -.

Cornelissen, E.; Chasseriaud, D.; Siegers, W.; Beerendonk, E. & van der Kooij, D. (2010), ‘Effect of anionic fluidized ion exchange (FIX) pre-treatment on nanofiltration (NF) membrane fouling’, Water Research 44(10), 3283-3293.

Cornelissen, E.; Moreau, N.; Siegers, W.; Abrahamse, A.; Rietveld, L.; Grefte, A.; Dignum, M.; Amy, G. & Wessels, L. (2008), ‘Selection of anionic exchange resins for removal of natural organic matter (NOM) fractions’, Water Research 42(1-2), 413-423.

Courdouan, A.; Christl, I.; Meylan, S.; Wersin, P. & Kretzschmar, R. (2007), ‘Isolation and characterization of dissolved organic matter from the Callovo-Oxfordian formation’, Applied Geochemistry 22(7), 1537-1548.

Courdouan, A.; Christl, I.; Meylan, S.; Wersin, P. & Kretzschmar, R. (2007), ‘Characterization of dissolved organic matter in anoxic rock extracts and in situ pore water of the Opalinus Clay’, Applied Geochemistry 22(12), 2926-2939.

Ding, C.; Yang, X.; Liu, W.; Chang, Y. & Shang, C. (2010), ‘Removal of natural organic matter using surfactant-modified iron oxide-coated sand’, Journal of Hazardous Materials 174(1-3), 567-572.

Dittmar, T. & Kattner, G. (2003), ‘Recalcitrant dissolved organic matter in the ocean: major contribution of small amphiphilics’, Marine Chemistry 82(1-2), 115-123.

Drewes, J. E. & Fox, P. (1999), ‘Fate of natural organic matter (NOM) during ground water recharge using reclaimed water’, Water Science and Technology 40(9), 241-248.

Drewes, J.E.; Fox, P.: Character and Fate of Organic Matter in Domestic Effluents Used for Indirect Potable Reuse using LC-OCD Analysis. WEFTEC 2000, Anaheim CA, Oct. 14-18 (2000).

Drewes, J. E.; Reinhard, M. & Fox, P. (2003), ‘Comparing microfiltration-reverse osmosis and soil-aquifer treatment for indirect potable reuse of water’, Water Research 37(15), 3612-3621.

Drews, A. (), ‘Membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors-Characterisation, contradictions, cause and cures’, Journal of Membrane Science In Press, Corrected Proof, -.

Du, J. R.; Peldszus, S.; Huck, P. M. & Feng, X. (2009), ‘Modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) ultrafiltration membranes with poly(vinyl alcohol) for fouling control in drinking water treatment’, Water Research 43(18), 4559-4568.

Ernst, M.; Sachse, A.; Steinberg, C. E. W. & Jekel, M. (2000), ‘Characterization of the DOC in nanofiltration permeates of a tertiary effluent’, Water Research 34(11), 2879-2886.

Fenu, A.; Guglielmi, G.; Jimenez, J.; Spèrandio, M.; Saroj, D.; Lesjean, B.; Brepols, C.; Thoeye, C. & Nopens, I. (2010), ‘Activated sludge model (ASM) based modelling of membrane bioreactor (MBR) processes: A critical review with special regard to MBR specificities’, Water Research 44(15), 4272-4294.

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Fischer, H.; Sachse, A.; Steinberg, Ch. and Pusch, M.: Differential Retention and Utilization of Dissolved Organic Carbon by Bacteria in River Sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr., 47(6), pp1702-1711 (2002).

Frimmel, F. H. (), ‘Impact of light on the properties of aquatic natural organic matter’, Environment International 24(5-6), 559-571.

Frimmel, F. H. (1998), ‘Characterization of natural organic matter as major constituents in aquatic systems’, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 35(1-3), 201-216.

Frimmel, F. H. & Abbt-Braun, G. (), ‘Basic characterization of reference NOM from Central Europe – Similarities and differences’, Environment International 25(2-3), 191-207.

Frimmel, F.H., Abbt-Braun, G., Hesse, S., Kleiser,G.: Fate of Refractory Organic Matter in Water Treatment – Degradation and Reaction. In: Swift, R.S. and Spark, K.M.: (Eds) Understanding and Managing Organic Matter in Topsoils, Sediments and Waters. IHSS (2001).

Frimmel, F. H.; Jahnel, J. & Hesse, S. (1998), ‘Characterization of biogenic organic matter (BOM)’, Water Science and Technology 37(2), 97-103.

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Gaid, K. & Treal, Y. (2007), ‘Le dessalement des eaux par osmose inverse: l’expérience de Véolia Water’, Desalination 203(1-3), 1-14.

Genz, A.; Baumgarten, B.; Goernitz, M. & Jekel, M. (2008), ‘NOM removal by adsorption onto granular ferric hydroxide: Equilibrium, kinetics, filter and regeneration studies’, Water Research 42(1-2), 238-248.

Gerlach, M. & Gimbel, R. (1999), ‘Influence of humic substance alteration during soil passage on their treatment behaviour’, Water Science and Technology 40(9), 231-239.

Gorenflo, A.; Yuping, Li and Frimmel, F.H.: Erhoehung der biologischen Abbaubarkeit von organischen Wasserinhaltsstoffen durch Ozonung am Beispiel von Ligninsulfonsaure und dem Klaeranlagenablauf einer Papierfabrik. Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 74, pp 512-517 (2002).

Gorenflo, A.; Velázquez-Padrón, D. & Frimmel, F. H. (2003), ‘Nanofiltration of a German groundwater of high hardness and NOM content: performance and costs’, Desalination 151(3), 253-265.

Grelot, A.; Grelier, P.; Vincelet, C.; Brüss, U. & Grasmick, A. (2010), ‘Fouling characterisation of a PVDF membrane’, Desalination 250(2), 707-711.

Gremm, Th,; Frimmel,F.H.: Characterization of AOX by Fractionation Analysis and Size Exclusion Chromatography. Acta Hydrochim. Hydrobiol., 28 (4), 202-211 (2000).

Grünheid, S.; Amy, G. & Jekel, M. (2005), ‘Removal of bulk dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and trace organic compounds by bank filtration and artificial recharge’, Water Research 39(14), 3219-3228.

Haberkamp, J.; Ernst, M.; Böckelmann, U.; Szewzyk, U. & Jekel, M. (2008), ‘Complexity of ultrafiltration membrane fouling caused by macromolecular dissolved organic compounds in secondary effluents’, Water Research 42(12), 3153-3161.

Haberkamp, J.; Ruhl, A. S.; Ernst, M. & Jekel, M. (2007), ‘Impact of coagulation and adsorption on DOC fractions of secondary effluent and resulting fouling behaviour in ultrafiltration’, Water Research 41(17), 3794-3802.

Hallé ,C.; Huck, P.M.; Peldszus, S.; Haberkamp, J. & Jekel, M., ’Assessing the performance of biological filtration as pretreatment to low pressure membranes for drinking water’, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43, 3878-3884 (2009).

Hambsch, B. and Werner, P.: The Removal of Regrowth Enhancing Organic Matter by Slow Sand Filtration. In: Advances in Slow Sand and Alternative Biological Filtration, Eds. Graham, N. and Collins, R.; John Wiley and Sons, Chichester (2000).

Hammes, F.; Meylan, S.; Salhi, E.; Köster, O.; Egli, T. & von Gunten, U. (2007), ‘Formation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and specific natural organic matter (NOM) fractions during ozonation of phytoplankton’, Water Research 41(7), 1447-1454.

Her, Namguk, Amy, G., Foss D., Cho, J., Yoon, Y. and Kosenka, P.: Optimization of Method for Detecting and Characterizing NOM by HPLC – Size Exclusion Chromatography with UV and on-line DOC Detection. Environ.Sci.Technol. 2002, pp 1069-1076 (2002).

Her, N.; Amy, G.; McKnight, D.; Sohn, J. & Yoon, Y. (2003), ‘Characterization of DOM as a function of MW by fluorescence EEM and HPLC-SEC using UVA, DOC, and fluorescence detection’, Water Research 37(17), 4295-4303.

Her, N., Amy, G., Sohn, J., Gunten, U.: UV absorbance ratio index with size exclusion chromatography (URI-SEC) as an NOM property indicator. AQUA ,57.1, 2008, 35-44.

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Hesse, S., Frimmel, F.H.:Biochemical Characterization of Refractory Organic Substances. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica Vol. 27 No. 2, 94-97 (1999).

Hesse, S. und Frimmel, F.H.: Kontinuierliche Messung der Bioabbaubarkeit. Sensoren und Messsysteme 2000, VDI-Berichte Nr. 1530, 125-134 (2000).

Hesse, S.; Kleiser, G. & Frimmel, F. H. (1999), ‘Characterization of refractory organic substances (ROS) in water treatment’, Water Science and Technology 40(9), 1-7.

Humbert, H., Gallard, H., Jacquemet, V. and Croué, J.-P.: Combination of coagulation and ion exchange for the reduction of UF fouling properties of a high DOC content surface water. Water Res. 41 (2007) 3803-3811.

Hurraß, J. & Schaumann, G. E. (2006), ‘Properties of soil organic matter and aqueous extracts of actually water repellent and wettable soil samples’, Geoderma 132(1-2), 222-239.

Iversen, V.; Mehrez, R.; Horng, R.; Chen, C.; Meng, F.; Drews, A.; Lesjean, B.; Ernst, M.; Jekel, M. & Kraume, M. (2009), ‘Fouling mitigation through flocculants and adsorbents addition in membrane bioreactors: Comparing lab and pilot studies’, Journal of Membrane Science 345(1-2), 21-30.

Jacquemet, V.; Gaval, G.; Rosenberger, S.; Lesjean, B. & Schrotter, J.-C. (2005), ‘Towards a better characterisation and understanding of membrane fouling in water treatment’, Desalination 178(1-3), 13-20.

Jermann, D.; Pronk, W.; Kägi, R.; Halbeisen, M. & Boller, M. (2008), ‘Influence of interactions between NOM and particles on UF fouling mechanisms’, Water Research 42(14), 3870-3878.

Jermann, D.; Pronk, W.; Meylan, S. & Boller, M. (2007), ‘Interplay of different NOM fouling mechanisms during ultrafiltration for drinking water production’, Water Research 41(8), 1713-1722.

Ji-xiang, Y.; Wen-xin, S.; Shui-li, Y. & Yan, L. (2009), ‘Influence of DOC on fouling of a PVDF ultrafiltration membrane modified by nano-sized alumina’, Desalination 239(1-3), 29-37.

Jiang, T.; Kennedy, M. D.; Yoo, C.; Nopens, I.; van der Meer, W.; Futselaar, H.; Schippers, J. C. & Vanrolleghem, P. A. (2007), ‘Controlling submicron particle deposition in a side-stream membrane bioreactor: A theoretical hydrodynamic modelling approach incorporating energy consumption’, Journal of Membrane Science 297 (2007), 141-151.

Jiang, T.; Myngheer, S.; De Pauw, D. J.; Spanjers, H.; Nopens, I.; Kennedy, M. D.; Amy, G. & Vanrolleghem, P. A. (2008), ‘Modelling the production and degradation of soluble microbial products (SMP) in membrane bioreactors (MBR)’, Water Research 42(20), 4955-4964.

Kalbitz, K.; Geyer, S. & Geyer, W. (2000), ‘A comparative characterization of dissolved organic matter by means of original aqueous samples and isolated humic substances’, Chemosphere 40(12), 1305-1312.

Kamara, S. & Pflugmacher, S. (2007), ‘Acclimation of Ceratophyllum demersum to stress imposed by Phragmites australis and Quercus robur leaf extracts’, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 68(3), 335-342.

Kang, S.-K. & Choo, K.-H. (2010), ‘Why does a mineral oxide adsorbent control fouling better than powdered activated carbon in hybrid ultrafiltration water treatment?’, Journal of Membrane Science 355(1-2), 69-77.

Kennedy, M. D.; Chun, H. K.; Quintanilla Yangali, V. A.; Heijman, B. G. & Schippers, J. C. (2005), ‘Natural organic matter (NOM) fouling of ultrafiltration membranes: fractionation of NOM in surface water and characterisation by LC-OCD’, Desalination 178(1-3), 73-83.

Kennedy, M. D.; Kamanyi, J.; Heijman, B. G. & Amy, G. (2008), ‘Colloidal organic matter fouling of UF membranes: role of NOM composition & size’, Desalination 220(1-3), 200-213.

Kim, J.; Shi, W.; Yuan, Y. & Benjamin, M. M. (2007), ‘A serial filtration investigation of membrane fouling by natural organic matter’, Journal of Membrane Science 294(1-2), 115-126.

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Kwon, B.; Cho, J.; Park, N. & Pellegrino, J. (2006), ‘Organic nanocolloid fouling in UF membranes’, Journal of Membrane Science 279(1-2), 209-219.

Laabs, C.: fouling of Low-pressure Membranes by Municipal Wastewater: Identification of principal Foulants and Underlying Fouling Mechanisms. Diss. Univ. Berlin (2004).

Laabs, C.N., Amy, G.L., Jekel, M.: Understanding the Size and Character of Fouling-Causing Substances from Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Low-Pressure Membrane Filtration. Environ. Sci. Teczhnol. 2006, 40, 4495-4499.

Lau, W.-J. & Ismail, A. (2009), ‘Polymeric nanofiltration membranes for textile dye wastewater treatment: Preparation, performance evaluation, transport modelling, and fouling control – a review’, Desalination 245(1-3), 321-348.

Lee, J.; Johir, M.; Chinu, K.; Shon, H.; Vigneswaran, S.; Kandasamy, J.; Kim, C. & Shaw, K. (2010), ‘Novel pre-treatment method for seawater reverse osmosis: Fibre media filtration’, Desalination 250(2), 557-561.

Leparc, J.; Rapenne, S.; Courties, C.; Lebaron, P.; Croué, J. P.; Jacquemet, V. & Turner, G. (2007), ‘Water quality and performance evaluation at seawater reverse osmosis plants through the use of advanced analytical tools’, Desalination 203(1-3), 243-255.

Lesjean, B.; Rosenberger, S.; Laabs, C.; Jekel, M.; Gnirss, R and Amy, G.: Correlation between membrane fouling and soluble/colloidal organic substances in membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment. Water Science & Technol., vol 51, 6-7, pp 1-8 (2005).

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Liu, S.; Lim, M.; Fabris, R.; Chow, C. W.; Drikas, M.; Korshin, G. & Amal, R. (2010), ‘Multi-wavelength spectroscopic and chromatography study on the photocatalytic oxidation of natural organic matter’, Water Research 44 (2010), 2525-2532.

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